However, from the survey conducted by the staff of SW Seed Technology laboratory in the seed areas and with private RSPs it was observed that forced eclosion method is seldom practiced mainly because of lack of appropriate technology. sericulture. Central Silk Board scientists N.Balaji and other scientists Seetha, Ibrahim Basha, Sericulture Additional Commissioner D J Sarma, Agriculture Joint Director Chandra Naik and others were present. The child mortality under age of 5 years is 32 deaths per 1000 Municipal Administration Minister P Narayana said that the farmers should try to get more profits through sericulture instead of paddy. 2. Forced eclsion is achieved by subjecting a sample seed cocoon at higher temperature. The details are available in the App. He said it would enable farmers to secure a profit of Rs 1.5 lakh to Rs 3 lakh per acre. For this purpose the ordinary mud pot of around 16-18 litres capacity has to be put in the wet sand bed (covered with bricks) up to it’s rim. in android phones/internet. The cost of cultivation of mulberry garden was worked out to be Rs. Each DFL of silkworm gives 0.8 to 1 kg of a cocoon. As per National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD), the cost to cultivate mulberry is Rs 80,000/- per Rs 1,00,00/- per acre per annum including plantations, tools, shed etc. 2. This region receives an annual rainfall of around 450mm with maximum 40 rain days per year. The farmers having mulberry plantations above 2 acres and upto 5 acres are in this category. While, there was a significant increase in per hectare productivity of cocoons for the state. The activity is more predominant in Atmakur, Pamulapadu, Kothapalli, Pathikonda, Dhone, Peapully, Thuggali, Veldurthy , Bethamcherla and Yemmiganur Mandals. 12699.82/acre/rearing. Quality of the seed refers to number of eggs per laying (fecundity), uniformity in the laying and disease freeness. The production of silk generally involves two processes: The silkworm caterpillar builds its cocoon by producing and surrounding itself with a long, (After cleaning bed). Sericulture is a fairly profitable venture – The sericulture industry in Karnataka … import duty cut on raw silk, silk farming is considered to be a fairly profitable venture, primarily due to its low input cost. Indian sericulture farms manufacture four types of silk - Mulberry, Tassar, Eri and Muga of which Mulberry silk accounts for 90 per cent of the total silk production in the country. To promote uniformity in spinning: Approximately 10% of the total labour required for silkworm rearing is needed at the time of picking mature larvae for mounting. A baseline survey of 120 selected participant families and net planning for You agree to our use of cookies by continuing to use our site. Sericulture is The top ventilator is opened appropriately so as to facilitate adequate aeration without much fluctuation in temperature. The egg transportation box measures 40cm in width, 30cm in length and 12cm in depth. To analyze the Benefit-Cost ratio of mulberry sericulture for per Acre in Erode District of Tamil Nadu. In this pot we can incubate the egg sheets of about 300 DFLs. A farmer can earn an income ranging from Rs 60,000 to Rs 80,000 per acre by investing Rs 20,000 on raising the crop. Narayana explained that silk has very good demand after gold in the country. The fall in the prices of cocoons over the last three months has forced sericulture farmers to launch an agitation to draw the State government’s attention to their plight. 2. Similarly, the production in Karnataka was also increased from 5949MT in 2003-04 to 9645MT in 2014-15 with CAGR of 4 per cent. Since its inception Channapatana silk farm is working on Silk seed breeding and breeding experiments. In this method, trays and stands are not necessary, instead, larvae are reared on shoot feeding racks. One should use clean sprayer (without any traces of pesticides) exclusively meant for chetana spray and prior to the spray we should not dust any lime or bed disinfectants on the bed. In case of loose eggs, 2000 layings in 40 loose egg boxes (50 layings in each box)can be loosely arranged in two rows on the loose egg carrying stand and placed into the transportation box and transported. The other feeds during fifth instar should be given with normal mulberry leaf. Karnataka stands first in the country in sericulture cultivation. He said it would enable farmers to secure a profit of Rs 1.5 lakh to Rs 3 lakh per acre. Cocoon harvested: 1400 kg: Cost of Cocoon (1400 X 130 per kg cocoon) 1,82,000: Total expenses per annum: 50,000: Total Sericulture Income from Shed of !400 sq.ft. Powered by hocalwire.com, We use cookies for analytics, advertising and to improve our site. Karnataka is a homeland of mysore Silk. We can use bamboo/plastic / rotary mountages to mount the spinning larvae. The profits reduce with increase in extent hiring of labours. In 1785 Tippu Sultan established sericulture in Channapatana. As these moths are kept in high temperatures, the rate of multiplication of pebrine spores will also be higher; thereby detection of spores will be easier. Next day the egg colour change into blue and is called body pigmentation stage. Disease freeness in the egg mainly refers to pebrine disease than any other diseases and mother moth examination is the only method which is commercially recommended for the egg produces at present. This is one of the vital technologies developed by KSSRDI which provides regulative temperature and relative humidity for chawki silkworms. This is helpful in planning the whole schedules of sericulture activities. Infant mortality rate is 28 per 1000 live births which is targeted to be reduced to 20 by 2020 and below 9 by 2030. pin head stage. The normal yields of different crops are presented in Table XIII Table: XIII Productivity of principal crops in Anantapur district (2009-10). Moth emergence takes place 2 -3- days prior to those kept in ambient room temperatures. Planting material: It is important to select varieties that bear many leaves, at least 30m tons per acre (good variety of Mulberry cuttings). More than 100 farmers have taken up sericulture spread over 250 acres in the district. The total expected GSDP of Karnataka in 2010–2011 is about ₹ 2719.56 billion. 1 acre- 7 Mts. The nutrition of silkworm Bombyx mori is of primary importance not only for maintenance of its life but also for silk production. Per capita GSDP during 2008–2009 was US$1034.9. The project took place in three villages (Thammadihalli, Baluvaneralu and Bagadagere) in the districts of Tumkur and Dharwad in the state of Karnataka. By administering ‘Chetana’(Mounting hormone), when the silkworms are about to spin, spinning will be more or less simultaneous, enabling improved efficiency in mounting and uniformity of pupation. Hence, the supplementation of essential nutrients is imperative to achieve the targeted foal. Policy initiatives for the development of silk industry. 1,38,431 per year from an acre. Man power is very much necessary and also involves major recurring cost. In shoot rearing method the uniformity in spinning can save labour as ‘free mounting’ by plastic mountages, as all the larvae begin to spin simultaneously. 2. There is a fluctuation in growth rate of area under mulberry and cocoon production in Tamilnadu. next to Karnataka. Land: This is the most important requirement for from it food for silkworms will be harvested. The fall in the prices of cocoons over the last three months has forced sericulture farmers to launch an agitation to draw the State government’s attention to their plight. 3. Leaves saving up to 15%-20%, thereby extra layings up to 15% - 20% can be reared. Ryots can cultivate mulberry utilising less amount of water to secure good profits,” the Agriculture Minister said. Revenue(DMC). Well irrigated mulberry garden either under pit or paired row system is suited for this method. Sericulture is an agro based cottage industry consisting of on farm and nonfarm activities. Mulberry plantations can also be raised under borewells. Few of the recent policy initiatives taken by the Ministry to promote sericulture unit are as follows. In case of non availability of labour, crop suffers, leading to complete loss or lesser profits. Of the spray, all the larvae will complete the spinning process. 1. Subsidy will be released on pro-rata basis subject to a maximum of Rs.5,000/- or Rs.4,000/- (as per zonal unit cost) per acre per year @ Rs 1,000/ or Rs.800/- per crop for 5 crops. Sericulture provides relatively high income to small and marginal farmers with less capital investment. Reduction in cost of production, therefore, substantial increase in profit margin. Sericulture activity found throughout the year in tropical country and suggests possibility of increasing silk production. These two varieties produce nutritive leaf, which is essential for good growth of silkworm larvae. This region receives an annual rainfall of around 450mm with maximum 40 rain days per year. Chances of secondary contamination is reduced. Hence, the growth, survival and cocoon production of the silkworm are greatly influenced by nutritional conditions. While China tops the world in sericulture cultivation, India stands next. Moth eclosion through new found “early eclosion box” will not only help in early detection of pebrine spores in moths, but also in diversion of infected seed cocoons to reeling and thereby, contaminant of spread of the disease. The egg transportation box ensures safe transportation of silkworm eggs and helps in preventing the damage that may be caused due to sudden changes in the environmental conditions and maintain the health and vigor of the embryo. During inclement weather conditions or by poor rearing management, the duration of mounting between beginning to closure prolongs for 48 to 72 hrs. One such phytoecdysone has been developed by KSSRDI, Bangalore and commercialised as “Chetana”. At pin head stage the eggs are transferred to dark room, this process is called black boxing of eggs. Sericulture. The cocoons are to be kept inside the box till they emerge. Within 18 to 24 hrs. He assured that they would support the farmers who take up sericulture cultivation. On the other hand, it stands for livelihood opportunity for millions owing to high employment oriented, low capital intensive and remunerative nature of its production. In temperate regions this can also be used to preserve the chawki leaf. Sericulture activity found throughout the year in tropical country and suggests possibility of increasing silk production. mulberry crop is grown in support of sericulture. Silkworm rearing house: Must be one that can retain basic requirement of hygienic conditions. The Cost of Cocoon is around Rs.120 to Rs.150 per Kg. One litre of ‘Chetana’ will suffice the requirement of 100 Dfls. Emphasising that sericulture is a profitable venture, Central Silk Board chairman Hanumanthappa has said that no sericulture farmer has committed suicide so far. In the year 2010-11 the employment in sericulture sector was 72.5 lakh persons (i.e., 52.20 lakh farmers, 3.70 lakh reelers and 16.60 lakh weavers) as compared to 68.17 lakh persons during 2009-10 . All rights reserved. Sericulture provides quick returns at regular intervals. The racks should have 5 feet width and 35 feet length .such racks are made with 3 to 4 tiers one above the other with a distance of 2’3” between each tier. Sericulture department is one of the oldest independent department to be established during Birtish government in […] Profit calculation in Sericulture: The income of Sericulture farming should be done on a yearly basis. Basically, silkworm (Bombyx mori) is a major source of fabulous mulberry silk production of the sericulture industry. Nellore: Agriculture Minister Somireddy Chandramohan Reddy appealed to the farmers in the district to take up sericulture instead of paddy cultivation to get attractive profits. Seri-calender is one of the recent innovations from KSSRDI. Farmers are able to earn Rs 2 lakh per acre in a year. A baseline survey of 120 selected participant families and net planning for In back drop of the above, the study was conducted at KSSRDI to identify the effective sources of carbohydrates, proteins, phagostimulants minerals/salts, growth promoters (from botanicals) as source of fortificants through bioassay and thereby the increment in cocoon yield is ensured. Efforts on to increase sericulture cultivation: Harish Rao. The exogenous application of phytoecdysone was found to increase the cocoon yield and enhance the productivity of silkworm rearing with out variations in the quality of cocoons. Notwithstanding Sericulture Minister Narayana Gowda’s announcement to extend a protective price upto ₹50 for every kg of cocoon in the wake of … In shoot rearing method the density of larvae, aeration required in rearing house are more than that of leaf rearing method. He explained that five persons will get work per acre if they take up sericulture cultivation. In case of non availability of labour, crop suffers, leading to complete loss or lesser profits. Embryo grows robust using most of its reserve food under 250 C temperature and 80% RH conditions. The rearing house and rearing bed hygiene and aeration well maintained. Sericulture is the purposeful area under the Ministry of Textiles. The data were collected from 400 randomly selected farmers from Karnataka state. It is established that the quality of feed determines the success of cocoon crops in the sericulture. To identify the S.W.O.T analysis of the Sericulture Industry in the study area. 500 to 600 layings on 25 – 30 egg sheets can be placed by hanging them to a bar within the box and transported. (45000 larvae) and for double hybrids (60,000 larvae) another 1250 ml or 1.25 litre is required. Policy initiatives for the development of silk industry. Addressing the meeting, the Agriculture Minister urged the farmers to take up sericulture cultivation. 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